12th Annual Meeting


2018/09/27 00:01:00
Receive ECT annually
Annual meetings
EFFECT organized 11 annual meetings
Papers published
About ECT in 2016
Percent succes
More than 70% of severely depressed patients respond to ECT

EFFECT continuously on the move

Let’s celebrate ECT’s 80th in Rome! Sept 27-28! Save the date!

80 years – Past, Present and Future of ECT   An EFFECT Special Meeting for the 80th anniversary of ECT in close collaboration with the Italian Association for Somatic Therapies

28th Annual ISEN Meeting sky high in New York! May 6, 2018

The 28th Annual ISEN Conference 28th Annual ISEN Conference will be held at the NYU Kimmel and Global Centers in New York, NY on May 6, 2018.This one day annual meeting

13th Nordic Experience Meeting – NACT – Tallinn – May 23-25, 2018

On May 23-25, 2018, in Tallinn, Estonia, you can join the 13th meeting of the Nordic Association of Convulsive Therapy, gathering numerous experts from all over the world. Venue is Park


EFFECT continuously on the move


European Forum for Electroconvulsive Therapy

ECT is the most efficacious biological treatment for the most severe psychiatric disorders. In several European countries, however, psychiatrists and patients still struggle with the stigmatzing negative image of ECT. To ensure that patients and service users across Europe have access to safe and effective ECT when appropriate, a European Forum for ECT was founded.

In November 2005 Björn Wahlund (SE), Pascal Sienaert (BE) and King Han Kho (NL) decided to organize the EFFECT founding meeting. Several ECT psychiatrists across Europe were invited to join this meeting which took place in Leuven, Belgium, from 3-5 February 2006.

On February 4, 2006, The European Forum for ECT was inaugurated at the University Psychiatric Center – KU Leuven, campus Kortenberg in Belgium. An executive board was elected with Tom G. Bolwig (DK) as President, Björn Wahlund (SE) as Chairman, King Han Kho (NL) as Secretary, and Pascal Sienaert (BE) as Treasurer. Since then, EFFECT brought together clinicians and researchers to improve the practice of ECT, and to reduce its stigma.


European Forum for Electroconvulsive Therapy


Effect aims to combat the stigma associated with ECT


Effect aims to promote ECT research and to inform the general public about ECT and its use.


Effect aims to educate mental health and other professionals about ECT and its use

High standard

Effect aims to work towards a high standard of ECT practice across Europe and to develop guidelines

  • Venue

    Accademia di Storia dell’arte sanitaria

    Lungotevere in Sassia, 3

    00186 Roma RM, Italy

  • Date

    Thursday, September 27 – Friday, September 28, 2018

  • Time

    Thursday 13:00 – 18:30

    Friday 08:30 – 17:30

  • Registration Fee

    Registration is complete after filling in the registration form and transferring the registration fee of 100 euro to


    Leuvensesteenweg 517

    3070 Kortenberg

    IBAN: BE94 7795 9036 9114 

PAST MEETING - 11th Annual Meeting EFFECT

ECT 80th Anniversary Meeting

  • 13:30 - Chair & Introduction

    Paolo Girardi (Italy), Gabriele Sani (Italy), Pascal Sienaert (chair of EFFECT, Belgium)

  • 13:40 - History and epidemiology of ECT

    Chairs – Gabriele Sani (Italy) – Georgios Petrides (USA)

    • History of physical therapies in Italy – Gianni Iacovelli (Italy)
    • ECT practice in Eastern Europe – Gabor Gazdag (Hungary)
    • ECT in the German-speaking regions – Michael Grözinger (Germany)
    • Perspectives from a Lifetime in ECT – Max Fink (video), interviewed by Charles Kellner (USA)
  • 15:10 - Coffee!

    Refreshment Break

  • 15:40 - Clinical Research and Practice (1)

    Chairs – Gabor Gazdag (Hungary), Paolo Girardi (Italy)

    • ResPECT – A decade of research in Belgium and The Netherlands – Pascal Sienaert (Belgium)
    • Ten years of basic and clinical ECT research in Rome – Giuseppe Bersani (Italy)
    • Maintenance ECT – the Madrid experience – Montserrat Caballero Gonzalez (Spain)

    SPAZIO FB HEALTH – Chair – Valeria Ipavec (Italy)

    • Genetic testing and treatment-resistant mood disorders – Giuseppe Fazzari (Brescia, Italy)
  • 17:10 - Discussion Forum

    Returning ECT to Italy: where do we go from here?

    Moderator: Pascal Sienaert (Belgium)

    Discussants: Giancarlo Peana (Italy), Daniela Reginaldi (Roma, Italy), Oliviero Benzoni (Brescia, Italy)

  • 08:50 - Opening Remarks

    Paolo Girardi (Italy), Gabriele Sani (Italy), Pascal Sienaert (Belgium)

  • 09:00 - Clinical Research and Practice (2)

    Chairs – Giuseppe Fazzari (Brescia), Alexander Sartorius (see picture – Germany)

    • Is ECT a mood stabiliser? – Giulio Perugi (Pisa, Italy)
    • Maintenance ECT: safety and effectiveness – George Kirov (Wales)
    • Effect of ECT on the course of mood disorders – Giampaolo Minnai (Oristano, Italy)
    • Is there a role for ketamine in ECT? – Declan McLoughlin (Ireland)
    • Personality disorder, childhood trauma and ECT – Martha Finnegan (Ireland)
    • Predicting cognitive outcomes following ECT – Esmee Verwijk (The Netherlands)
  • 11:00 - Coffee!
  • 11:30 - Clinical Research and Practice (3)

    Chairs – Esmée Verwijk (The Netherlands), Roberto Brugnoli (Roma)

    • Anesthesia-to-stimulation time interval and seizure quality – Anders Jørgensen (Denmark)
    • ECT in minors – overview and special barriers – Neera Ghaziuddin (USA)
    • ECT-related anxiety – forgotten but still around – Jasmien Obbels (Belgium)
  • 12:30 - Discussion Forum

    Towards optimisation: should we worry about exactly how we give ECT?

    Moderator – Declan McLoughlin (Ireland)

    Discussants – Charles Kellner (USA), Michael Grözinger (Germany), Pier Paolo Medda (Pisa, Italy)

  • 13:10 - Lunch!
  • 14:00 - Translational Research

    Chairs – Martin Balslev Jørgensen (see picture – Denmark), Daniela Reginaldi (Italy)

    • Alzheimer’s Aband ageing hormone concentrations in cerebrospinal fluid show amelioration with ECT – Alexander Sartorius (Germany)
    • Genetics and ECT: the road ahead – Jurjen Luykx (The Netherlands)
    • ECT and neuroimaging: where are we going? – Filip Bouckaert (Belgium)
    • GEMRIC: now and the future – Leif Oltedal (Norway)
    • Low Amplitude Seizure Therapy (LAP-ST): a proof of concept trial and future directions – Nagy Youssef (USA)
  • 16:00 - Coffee! One last, before the road...
  • 16:30 - Discussion Forum

    Is there a role for ECT in non-mood disorders?  

    Moderator –  George Kirov (Wales)

    Discussants – Martin Balslev Jørgensen (Denmark), Harm Pieters Spaan (Netherlands), Roberto Brugnoli (Italy)

  • 17:20 - Closing remarks

    Paolo Girardi (Italy), Gabriele Sani (Italy), Pascal Sienaert (Belgium)

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