European Forum For Electroconvulsive Therapy
Slide 1


European Forum For Electroconvulsive Therapy

Slide 1


European Forum For Electroconvulsive Therapy

previous arrow
next arrow
Receive ECT annually
Annual meetings
EFFECT organized 11 annual meetings
Papers published
About ECT in 2016
Percent succes
More than 70% of severely depressed patients respond to ECT


EFFECT continuously on the move

Ketamine International Conference 2024

Ketamine International Conference 2024

Conference Program Day 1 Monday, 25th March   11.00 Registration 11.30 Anatomy of Melancholy – revision of neuroanatomy relevant to…

RCPsych Annual ECT and Neuromodulation Conference 2023

RCPsych Annual ECT and Neuromodulation Conference 2023

RCPsych Annual ECT and Neuromodulation Conference 2023 in London on November 30 and December 1st. Here’s the meeting link:

13th Annual EFFECT Meeting, Barcelona

13th Annual EFFECT Meeting, Barcelona

ECT: a modernist approach 13th Annual Meeting European Forum for ECT (EFFECT)Barcelona, Spain, Sat., October 7, 2023 Venue Recinte Modernista…

The Effect


EFFECT continuously on the move

ECT is the most efficacious biological treatment for the most severe psychiatric disorders. In several European countries, however, psychiatrists and patients still struggle with the stigmatzing negative image of ECT. To ensure that patients and service users across Europe have access to safe and effective ECT when appropriate, a European Forum for ECT was founded.
In November 2005 Björn Wahlund (SE), Pascal Sienaert (BE) and King Han Kho (NL) decided to organize the EFFECT founding meeting. Several ECT psychiatrists across Europe were invited to join this meeting which took place in Leuven, Belgium, from 3-5 February 2006.
On February 4, 2006, The European Forum for ECT was inaugurated at the University Psychiatric Center – KU Leuven, campus Kortenberg in Belgium. An executive board was elected with Tom G. Bolwig (DK) as President, Björn Wahlund (SE) as Chairman, King Han Kho (NL) as Secretary, and Pascal Sienaert (BE) as Treasurer. Since then, EFFECT brought together clinicians and researchers to improve the practice of ECT, and to reduce its stigma .


European Forum for Electroconvulsive Therapy

Effect aims to combat the stigma associated with ECT


Effect aims to educate mental health and other professionals about ECT and its use


Effect aims to promote ECT research and to inform the general public about ECT and its use.

Effect aims to work towards a high standard of ECT practice across Europe and to develop guidelines

ECT: a modernist approach

13th Annual Meeting
European Forum for ECT (EFFECT)

Barcelona, Spain, Sat., October 7, 2023


Recinte Modernista Sant Pau
Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau
C/ de Sant Antoni Maria Claret, 167


This meeting is for ECT practitioners, prescribers and researchers. All eligible participants need to register via, with your name, full clinical/academic affiliation details and address, and e-mail.
The registration deadline is 30 September.


Your registration is complete after transfer of €100 to the following account:

EFFECT KU Leuven  vzw

Address: Leuvensesteenweg 517 – 3070 Kortenberg – Belgium

Account number: BE94 7795 9036 9114


  • Scientific meeting Saturday, October7th

    09:00 - 09:30 Registration
    09:30 - 09:40 Introduction and welcome
    Narcis Cardoner (Spain), Pascal Sienaert (Belgium)

  • ECT in Spain – past, present and future
    Chair: Gabor Gazdag (Hungary)

    09:40 – 10:05 ECT in Spain
    Carlo Alemany (Spain)
    10:05 - 10:30 ECT research in Spain: alive and kicking
    Aida de Arriba Arnau (Spain)

  • Discussion Forum

    10:30 – 11:15 “Stigma and ECT: how should we deal with it?”
    Moderator: Declan McLoughlin (Ireland)
    Discussant 1 - 5’ -Sameer Jauhar (UK) - Beliefs and attitudes about electroconvulsive therapy posted on Twitter
    Discussant 2 – 5’ – Gabor Gazdag (Hungary) – Lay people’s attitudes towards and knowledge about electroconvulsive therapy in Hungary)

  • 11:15 - 11:45 Refreshment Break

  • Translational research update
    Chair: Carles Soriano Mas (Spain)

    11:45 – 12:05 Brain imaging - What have we learned about ECT’s mechanism of action?
    Jean-Baptiste Belge (Belgium)

    12:05 - 12:25 Molecular mechanisms?
    Martin-Balslev Jørgensen (Denmark)

    12:25 – 12:45 Does nimodipine or acetaminophen influence postictal phenomena after Electroconvulsive therapy?
    Julia Pottkämper & Joey Verdijk (the Netherlands)

    12:45-13:05 The Dutch ECT consortium, first results.
    Annemiek Dols (the Netherlands)

  • 13.05 – 14.00 Lunch Break

  • Clinical Practice Nuggets – first serving
    Chair: Esmee Verwijk (The Netherlands)

    14:00 – 14:20 Pre-ECT work-up: what is necessary and why?
    Sara Medved (Croatia)

    14:20 - 14:40 Cognitive effects: which assessment is necessary?
    Esmee Verwijk (The Netherlands)

    14:40 – 15:00 Optimising the seizure: do’s and don’ts
    Alexander Sartorius (Germany)

  • Discussion Forum

    15:00 – 15:40 Is there a place for ketamine in ECT-practice?
    Moderator: George Kirov (UK)
    Discussant 1 – 5‘ Pouya Movahed Rad (Sweden)
    Discussant 2 – 5‘ Javier de Diego (Spain)

  • 15:40 – 16:10 Refreshment Break

  • Clinical Practice Nuggets – second serving
    Chair: Mikel Urretavizcaya (Spain)

    16:10 – 16:30 The key to successful ECT: nursing
    Kara Hannighan (UK)

    16:30 – 16:50 Unraveling trajectories of depressive symptom improvement during ECT
    Emma De Schuytteneer (Belgium)

  • The image of ECT

    16:50 – 17:10 ECT in international movies: based on a true story?
    Pascal Sienaert (Belgium)

    17:10 – 17:40 A documentary movie from Copenhagen.
    Benjamin Fischermann (Denmark)

    17:40 – 18:30 Looking back and looking ahead: important changes in the practice of ECT - an interview with Charles Kellner
    Interviewer – Narcis Cardoner & Daniel Porta (Spain) Questions from the public

    18:30 Closing remarks


TOM BOLWIG (DK) president
GABOR GAZDAG (HU) secretary


    leuvensesteenweg 517 3070 Kortenberg